Teaching volleyball skills is a skill that coaches need to develop to be successful at coaching volleyball. The best way to teach volleyball skills is by focusing on skills training.
There's an optimal way to perform each skill in volleyball. There are many ways to be successful, but the easiest way is to learn is by focusing on the most efficient and easiest way to perform the skill.
Just because it works doesn't mean it's a good idea.
For example, a goofy-footed spiker can spike the ball pretty good. However, if the spiker had the proper footwork, it would be easier to spike the ball better. Backwards steps will result in losing momentum for spiking. Poor footwork can also lead to injury.
If you are going to teach how to perform skills, then you might as well teach the most efficient, safest and easiest way to do the skill.
For learning volleyball skills, it's important to teach using progressions.
For the spike approach, what's important is the last two steps. At first, teach your players to focus on just the last two steps. For righties, it's right-left. For lefties, it's left-right.
The first progression for spiking footwork would be to master the last two steps. Next, practice taking 3 steps. Next, take a four step approach.
The hand contact is the most important part of learning to spike. First, practice what it feels like to contact the ball. You need to get a feel of what it's like to contact the ball correctly. For spiking at the net, you want to create topspin. You create topspin by contacting the ball with the hand in a curved like position. Practice putting spin on the ball. When you miss hit the ball, recognize what this feels like. When you have a good contact, remember this. Try to do this every time you spike.
Approach to Spike.
The next progression is to bring the footwork and spike together. Take an approach to spike a ball. This ball could be tossed or set by a partner. If you have a device such as a spike trainer that could hold the ball, this will make it easier for you to have successful repetitions spiking. As you get more comfortable spiking, make things more difficult by working hard to get in position to spike. You need to challenge your timing. You do this by having someone set you the ball and you then must read the set and get in position to spike. Practice spiking a ball that's tight to the net. Practice spiking a ball that's set further off the net. Work on adjusting your steps to get in position to successfully spike the ball.
Serving is a lot like spiking. Here are the steps to teaching serving.
Beginners will often struggle because the toss is inconsistent. Also, if the ball is served into the net, the ball was tossed too far in front.
Passing is a difficult skill for beginners because the athlete needs to get in a position to deflect the ball off the arms to a target. This isn't really hand-eye coordination. This is more like arms-eye coordination.
Just like other skills, positioning for passing is important. Do drills that work to get into good position for passing.
Here are some tips for teaching passing.
Here are the keys to setting a volleyball.
For setters, here are some tips for teaching how to set.
Here are some beginner tips for teaching blocking.
Digging is much like passing. Stay low and be ready to move quickly.
On defense, it's important to be ready to move quickly to run down a tip, but also you need to be ready to dig a hard spike.
Practice time should be spent working to read and react to tipped balls. Also, spend time digging hard driven balls. At first, don't work on both of the skills at once. Just focus on one situation.
For example, practice reading and moving to cover a tip. Practice this situation for awhile.
Next, work on digging hard driven balls.
Each of those two situations are different skills.
When covering a tip, you need to move quickly forward to get to the ball. To do this, you need to have weight on the balls of the feet. If you are back on your heels it will be tough to move to get to the ball.
So, always start first on the balls of the feet then watch and read the hitter. When you can see the ball is going to be hit hard, you may then need to lean back to absorb the impact.
As you get more comfortable, practice both situations and make the drill unpredictable. Work to read the play and work hard to get in position to dig.
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