The following are volleyball practice tips to help get volleyball players focused to play better in practice.
What's an effective way to engage an athlete mentally?
Design volleyball drills that have high
The term "replay value" is commonly used when discussing video games.
If a video game has high replay value, this means the game is effective at getting a player to play the game more than once.
You've probably read articles on how video games can become addictive.
High replay value is the result of how the video game is designed.
The most addictive video games are the ones that provide lots of roles, paths, and possible outcomes.
These types of video games are said to have "high replay value."
People love these kinds of games and get addicted.
Games with few roles, few paths, and few outcomes have low replay value.
These types of video games are less interesting. People play them once and then quit.
Over the years, video game designers have come up with better and better ways to create high replay value and keep players engaged.
So what does this have to do with volleyball? Much like video games being designed to keep players engaged, volleyball practice tips can be designed to keep players engaged in practice.
What would be the result of practicing volleyball with the mind engaged like this?
Would it be possible to become addicted to training for volleyball?
The following are 7 characteristics of video games that keep players engaged.
The point here is to think about how these concepts can be applied to designing volleyball practices.
1. Experience bars measuring progress
The experience bar is not unlike the belt system in martial arts.
The Karate belt system is used in martial arts training to show the progress that a student has made. The student starts out at a low rank of belt (white) and progresses through the ranks to make it to the top (black). They have to advance through the ranks to show their honor.
Few sports leagues have the same type of progressive system. In volleyball, children get promoted based on age or grade level. There is no real system to demonstrate a players progress throughout a season. Most coaches aren't using methods for measuring specific skills or overall skill level.
In most cases, progression in volleyball is measured through the eyes of a parent, coach or the player, or through basic stats (for example, hitting percentage). These measures fail to reflect true skill development.
2. Multiple long and short term aims
In the following two scenarios, consider the difference in player mindset.
1) A game played to 25 points.
2) A game played to 7 points.
A scrimmage to 25 points is great in helping players stay focused, but a game to 7 keeps players even more engaged because each point seems to have more importance.
Have you ever noticed how hard a team plays when it's match point? At 14-13, the game is on the line. Players know if they give up one more point, the match is over.
This "sense of urgency" helps players focus on making successful plays.
Drills in practice should provide this same sense of urgency. Practicing this way keeps players focused.
Designing a practice that improves the level of focus is the "art of coaching."
During a drill, it can also be very effective to give players many different tasks. For example, if the team wins the rally by hitting a hard driven ball, the team gets an extra point. The key is doing things in parallel that will help keep players engaged.
3. Rewards for effort
Reward every little bit of effort and never punish failure. It's the 100% effort factor.
4. Rapid, frequent, clear feedback
It's very hard for people to learn if they can't relate consequences to actions.
5. An element of uncertainty
A known reward excites people, but what really gets people going is the uncertain reward. If we can't quite predict something, we want to go back and find out more.
Reward seeking behavior... dopamine plays a major role in the brain system that is responsible for reward-driven learning. Basically, dopamine levels in the brain predicts learning. Increase dopamine levels and you increase learning.
There is evidence that people with extroverted (reward-seeking) personality types tend to show higher levels of dopamine activity than people with introverted personalities.
6. Windows of enhanced attention
Modeling dopamine levels leads to being able to predict windows of enhanced attention. We are able to find these moments when someone is more likely to remember.
Game playing allows athletes to be braver and more likely to take risks. The result is confidence.
7. Other people
The biggest neurological turn on is "other people".
Collaborating with friends is what really excites us. Friends watching and collaborating with us.
So is it possible to make practicing volleyball addictive?
If a game has too many challenges, players lose interest. There needs to be some payoff for the effort, and if the game looks never-ending, it becomes de-motivating.
Increase the replay value...
1. Keep score during your drills. You'll increase focus by counting repetitions or having a time limit. For example, count the number of perfect passes. Make a goal that must be reached in 2 minutes.
When designing drills, remember to be specific about what you want to learn, count it or time it.
2. Experience multiple roles. Basically, switch positions to develop a more addictive understanding. Passer becomes setter. Defender becomes hitter. Hitter becomes blocker. A setter that gets experience hitting will develop a deeper understanding of what kind of set a hitter likes.
A libero that learns to hit will develop a deeper understanding of what a hitter is thinking thus making it easier to anticipate on defense.
3. Have both near and far goals. The near goal is the immediate goal. It's the next logical step. The far goal is what you're working towards accomplishing in the future. Putting both goals out there increases replay value and keeps players interested in continuing to practice.
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