Volleyball court terminology can help learning volleyball.
The court is 60 feet long and 30 feet wide.
There is a net that divides the court in half.
For Men's volleyball, the regulation net height is 7 feet, 11 5/8 inches.
For Women's volleyball, the regulation net height is 7 feet, 4 1/4 inches high.
If you're new to the sport of volleyball or if you haven't played in
many years, all the lines on the court may seem a little confusing.
The different lines and markings on the court are necessary to help play the game.
Every line on the court serves a distinct purpose and affects both how players play the game and how volleyball officials officiate it.
To play the game effectively, every player on the court needs to understand what each court marking means.
The following volleyball terms will help you understand how to play volleyball.
Antenna are flexible red and white rods that are on the net marking the out-of-bounds. This out-of-bounds extends all the way up to the ceiling and down to the floor.
Sideline, End Line, Free Zone, Attack Line, Center Line Markings
The attack line is the line 3 meters from the net and runs parallel on each side of the court. If the attacker is taking a volleyball spike approach from the back row, the player must jump from behind this attack line if they attack the ball when it's completely above the height of the net.
(The dotted lines in the photo are the attack lines extended outside the court)
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Attack Line Markings
The backcourt area is the area of the court behind the attack line that is in front of the baseline and between the sidelines.
The baseline is also called the endline. This is the line at the end of the court.
The free zone is the area outside the boundary lines of the court where players sometimes make plays.
The centerline is the line that runs underneath the net. This line is the width of the court and divides the volleyball court into two equal halves.
The net is the volleyball net that goes down the middle of the court and divides each teams playing area in half.
The replacement zone is the area of the court where the libero enters the game for a back row player.
The sidelines are the boundary lines on the sides of the court that connect to the baselines. The sidelines are 60 feet long.
The substitution zone is the area between the attack line and the centerline along the sideline where substitutes sub into the game.
Volleyball Court Diagram to Volleyball Basics