Volleyball formations 4-2 for learning how to line up in rotations.
The 4-2 offense is the most basic offensive system in volleyball.
The 4-2 system is the easiest system because the setter is always on the front row which makes things less complicated.
With the 6-2 system, the setter must transition from the back court. This makes serve receive more complicated and confusing.
With the 4-2, the setter is always positioned near the passing target area.
With a 5-1 system, the setter is front row half the time. With a 4-2, you have a setter setting from the front row all the time.
The following are some advantages and disadvantages to running a 4-2 offense.
Since the setter is on the front row for the entire time, all the back row players can focus on playing defense.
The 4-2 can be tough on the opponent’s middle blocker because the middle blocker has to wait to see if the slide is happening.
To run the slide effectively, passers should pass more to the middle of the court rather than the right side. This will give the Middle hitter more room for the slide approach. A pass tight to the net will make it tough for the opposing middle blocker because focus will need to be on the setter for a possible 2nd ball attack.
The court is divided into 6 zones. There is a player in each zone. The setters are in opposite zones. The Middles are in opposite zones. The Outside Hitters are in opposite zones.
To help prevent being out of rotation...
If you get lost on the court, look to see where your opposite player is. For example, if your opposite is lined up LF, then you know you must be RB. If your opposite is on the front row, then you know you are on the back row.
If the player you follow is in MB then you know you must be in RB. If the player that follows you is in MB then you know you must be in LB.
In serve receive for rotation 1, the setter is LF and needs to move closer to the target area. To help the setter, you could have the team stack players to the right side. This would help the setter be closer to the middle of the court. This would work well of you have an attacker that likes to attack on the right side.
For serve receive in rotation 2, the front row setter is in the middle. This is an easy rotation because the setter is in the middle at the net.
For serve receive in rotation 3, the setter is right front. The front row attackers can easily adjust where to stand. For example, if the H2 wants to hit on the right side, the setter could easily move to the right side of the court.
For serve receive rotation 4, is much like rotation 1. Rotation 1 and rotation 4 are basically the same. This is an advantage of running a 4-1 offense. Rotations 1, 2, and 3 are similar to 4, 5, and 6 respectively.
Rotation 5 is similar to rotation 2. With the setter MF, the team can easily make adjustments.
Rotation 6 is similar to rotation 3. With rotations being similar, another advantage is how easily the team can adjust the line up. For example, you can easily switch H1 and H2 in the line up for the next set or match. Or switch positions of the setters. This can be effective for when the setter and hitter are not connecting well. Or if the team is struggling to pass, simply change the line up by switching the opposite players.
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