All hitters love to hit a volleyball, so there's no reason why you shouldn't practice developing many attacking strategies.
Basics of the 4 step approach...
Approach at an increasing constant speed or with quick last steps?
Often when coaches teach players to hit all they worry about is the order of steps and moving fast. This may be okay if you are a beginner, but if you want to get up high off the ground you need a more explosive approach and jump.
There's more to learning about an approach than just the order of steps.
The steps in the approach have different characteristics. Some steps are shorter than others and some are quicker and more explosive.
Coaches may feel the hitter is in a better rhythm when approaching at a constant speed and that it's easier time the hit this way.
There are many volleyball strategies for hitting. Probably the hardest skill in volleyball to change is the approach. If what you are currently doing is working, it may be best not to change.
For an explosive approach... The steps before the last 2 can be fairly relaxed and short. The main thing is you don't use a lot of leg strength on these steps.
The last 2 steps are explosive.
The 4 step approach is basically like this...
It is extremely important the ground contact time of the last 2 steps (right foot, then left foot) is as short a time a possible.
It is good if the ground contact time of the left foot (before the last 2 steps) is minimal, but what's important there is that you put a great amount of force into the ground for a big step.
A few advantages to explosive steps...
Develop a quick approach
Leave late and approach fast. A lot of attackers get stuck approaching at a constant speed because they approach early anticipating a set.
A lot of times this can be solved by waiting, forcing yourself to react quickly as if youre going to be late getting there to hit.
Approach at an angle facing cross-court
As a right-handed attacker hitting on the left side, it's best to be facing the cross-court angle when jumping to hit a volleyball.
A good way to get in the habit of this is to start your approach outside the court. Good volleyball strategies for hitting involve approaching at an angle because you have a mechanical advantage by turning your hitting shoulder towards the opponent's court when hitting.
Its also harder for your opponents to predict where you are going to hit a volleyball because you have the option of hitting hard angle or turning and hitting down the line.
Broad jump or jump more straight up?
It is usually best to broad jump when attacking far off the net. When jump serving or attacking beyond the 3 meter line, you want to approach so you jump up and forward carrying your momentum towards the net.
The extra momentum you have flying forward allows you to hit a volleyball with more power. On a tighter set, you may want to jump more straight up to avoid landing in the net.
Learn to see the court
Know who the better defenders are. Look at the defensive players before you approach to hit. Keep them in your peripheral vision as you approach.
Learn to see the block
Develop vision for seeing blockers.
Beginners usually first develop the ability to see blockers body at the net and work on hitting around it. More experienced players develop the ability to see the hands and arms of the blockers.
They then use this skill to hit a volleyball around or off of the blocker.
Better blockers get into position well and are more predictable. This makes developing vision even more important for successful attacks.
Develop many shots
By having a larger range of hits (hard swing, cut shot, short roll, open hand tip, etc.) you will make it more difficult for your opponents to play defense.
Also, your opponents blocking is more difficult because attacking with different shots at different speeds can mess up their timing.
How fast you approach the ball and the speed of the arm swing determines how hard you can hit a volleyball.
Every attacker needs to develop the ability to swing hard. If you can hit hard, defenders often get caught on their heels ready for you to pound the ball.
Being able to swing can open up other hitting options and catch your opponents off guard.
Hit a Volleyball with Power
Every team should develop volleyball strategies for making calls.
Your teammates can look at the opponents court and call out where to hit the ball. Common court calls include "line", "angle", or "cross". Teammates can also tell where to hit by looking at the blockers.
Common calls for hitting around a block include "hard angle", "hard line", or "nobody up", or "hole".
It is easy to get in the habit of just standing and watching sometimes.
As an attacker, it is really important to always be ready to take an approach and hit. It's best to be ready and expecting to be set every time the setter sets the ball.
By expecting to be set, you will develop a consistent approach and swing every time you hit a volleyball.
Many players' volleyball strategies for increasing their touch height involve conditioning to increase their vertical jump.
Many players could increase their reach just by learning to fully extend their arm when they hit.
Becoming a successful attacker involves attacking skills in combination with effective volleyball strategies for hitting.
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